A monthly review and outlook of the Asian Quality Bond market.
Market Review - as at July 2020
Investors continued to monitor Covid-related developments, particularly the rising number of new cases as Asian economies gradually reopened. This resulted in a cautious market tone early in the month. Later, European Union leaders agreed on a landmark €750 billion stimulus package, aimed at containing the unprecedented economic downturn in the region. This helped support credit markets worldwide. Confidence was also buoyed by encouraging progress on the vaccine front. Various companies worldwide continue to develop drugs to help combat the spread of Covid-19. These factors resulted in an upturn in sentiment during the month.
By the end of July, the JACI IG Index had risen 2.13%. As well as narrowing credit spreads, returns were supported by lower US Treasury yields. There was significant interest in comments from the US Federal Reserve following its scheduled meeting late in the month. It seems clear that officials are willing to do ‘whatever it takes’ to support the world’s largest economy through the coronavirus pandemic. This suggests policy settings in the US could be eased further in due course.
The quarterly corporate earnings reporting season also got underway in the US during July. By month end, around 60% of listed companies had released their latest financial results. Whilst not affecting for Asian issuers directly, local investors looked at the earnings to see how ongoing disruptions are affecting major global corporations. A number of high profile firms – including General Motors, General Electric, Starbucks and Nike – reported losses, underlining the adverse impact of social distancing and other restrictions.
Asian companies continued to issue new securities, using strong demand for credit as an opportunity to raise fresh capital and, in some cases, bolster their balance sheets. Most of these new issues were well-received by the market; companies are not having to offer any new issue premium at all currently. In some cases, new issues are being priced at a premium to those in the secondary market, highlighting the appeal of credit in a lower yield environment. Despite lower overall yields from corporate bonds due to narrowing spreads and lower Treasury yields, investors continue to look towards the asset class for income.
Despite the overall positive tone, geopolitical concerns resurfaced during the month. The US ended its preferential economic treatment of Hong Kong, for example, reflecting a broader standoff with China. The two superpowers also ordered the bilateral closure of consulates in a diplomatic skirmish and US President Trump indicated that TikTok and other Chinese-owned apps will shortly be banned in America. This suggested the US is starting to take a harder line on all Chinese companies, irrespective of whether they pose any national security risk. The repercussions of any further uptick in tensions between the US and China could have important implications for financial markets worldwide. Corporate bonds, for example, could see bouts of volatility as geopolitical tensions flare up periodically and as risk appetite is quickly eroded.
Q3 2020 Investment Outlook
What started as a health crisis has now morphed into an economic crisis as COVID-19 continues to impair business activities, increase unemployment and erode consumer’s confidence. The pandemic is also likely to have a far-reaching impact on society, even after restrictions are lifted. Hence it is plausible that financial markets could continue to react to the number of new cases and fatalities, the progress made on developing a vaccine, and concerns around a second wave of infections.
Prospects for an economic recovery in the months ahead remain unclear, particularly as there have been signs that economies that are reopening are facing heightened risks of another round of widespread infections. Lockdowns seem likely to be re-introduced in some areas, bringing unintended consequences including poverty, mental distress and a dysfunctional society. Central banks and governments have rolled out large monetary and fiscal stimulus packages to help soften the blow of virusrelated closures and disruptions. The level of support has been unprecedented; authorities seem willing to do whatever it takes to prevent a complete collapse in economies.
Equity and credit markets have been quick to acknowledge the scale of these support packages. Some stock markets, for example, have recovered in a ‘V’ shape, rebounding close to pre-virus levels. It appears investors are willing to look through expectations of weaker corporate earnings towards a ‘normalization’ in economic conditions and profitability as virus-related restrictions are lifted. We acknowledge that economies will recover in due course and that the pandemic will eventually pass, but we are becoming increasingly uncomfortable with overall level of debt globally. It seems likely that some countries will be unable to service their debt repayment obligations in the future. If and when this occurs, it could trigger a new financial crisis that dwarfs anything we have seen before.
November’s US Presidential election is another development that will increasingly affect sentiment in the months ahead. There could be some volatility in risk assets as candidates’ campaigns gather steam and as their policies are announced. Speeches made by the two forerunners – Republican Donald Trump and Democrat Joe Biden – will be closely scrutinised. Markets could enter a ‘risk off’ phase if Biden maintains his current lead in national polls and looks likely to take control of the Senate and the White House. He has proposed more than U$3 trillion of new taxes and tighter regulations, which could act as a headwind for large parts of the economy. On the other hand, if Trump looks like being re-elected, risk assets could conceivably rally further as investors embrace his progressive economic policies. All of that said, market price action brought about by the US election could prove temporary. Back in 2016, markets perceived a Trump victory to be “unthinkable” prior to the election, but both equities and credit rallied strongly and US Treasury yields rose after Trump won; the opposite of what markets had anticipated. Ultimately, investors must focus on what can be realistically be achieved by the US economy without focusing too much on the promises of the two Presidential candidates.
All in all, the third quarter of 2020 starts with even more uncertainty than we saw back in April. Accordingly, given the strong recovery in Asian Investment Grade credit in the second quarter, we have become more cautious and are looking to preserve the gains that have already been made. Avoiding defaults and deteriorating issuers is likely to become even more important for investors in the months ahead, underlining the importance of careful issuer selection and ongoing monitoring. We are not anticipating a repeat of March’s meltdown in credit markets, but that episode nonetheless reinforced the importance of maintaining exposure to high quality, liquid investments during periods of stress.
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